Folic Acid, Nutrition During Pregnancy

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Nutrition During Pregnancy

TIPSHEALTH – Daily nutrition intake of pregnancy should be taken seriously. Good nutritional intake determines the growth of the fetus in the womb and also the health of the mother. One of the essential nutrition during pregnancy is folic acid. Here we go, some benefits of folic acid for pregnant women.

According to the British Dietetic Association (BDA), folic acid or vitamin B9 is cited as one of the most important ingredients that play a role in the process of red blood cell formation.

Folic acid also helps improve DNA/RNA. Both DNA and RNA, are nucleic acids that play an important role in the lives of living things. Just as important as fats, proteins, or carbohydrates.

Also, folic acid is very helpful in preventing the occurrence of congenital malformations of the central nervous system, such as the brain and spine. Thus, this nutrient is expected to reduce the risk of abnormalities during the development of the fetus in the womb.

Impact of Folic Acid Deficiency on Pregnant

Not only for pregnant women, but folic acid deficiency can also be bad for the fetus in the womb. Lack of folic acid intake in pregnant women is prone to disrupt fetal development, especially in the central nervous system, namely spina bifida, and anencephaly.

Spina bifida disorder can cause imperfect growth of the baby’s spine and spinal cord. Meanwhile, the anencephalic disorder is characterized by the absence of most skull bones. Worse, anensefali can result in death in infants shortly after birth.

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The same can also occur in spina bifida, depending on the degree of severity. Therefore, two conditions due to lack of folic acid intake should be aware.

It is important to know that the infant mortality rate due to congenital malformations continues to increase. So, it would be better if every woman consumed folic acid before pregnancy and during pregnancy.

Even if you are not planning a pregnancy, you are still encouraged to meet the needs of folic acid to avoid the adverse effects mentioned above. However, consult a doctor before taking certain medications or supplements during pregnancy.

Total Folic Acid Supplement Needs

The need for folic acid does need to be met. However, the consumption of folic acid should not be done carelessly. You should pay attention to the appropriate dosage.

In women who are planning a pregnancy or are pregnant in the first trimester, the required folic acid is as much as 400 micrograms (mcg) daily. The need for folic acid can be met through the consumption of supplements.

While, entering the 2-3 trimester, a pregnant woman needs folic acid of about 600 mcg. Another for nursing women who need at least as much as 500 mcg of folic acid.

In women who have had a history of giving birth to babies with congenital malformations such as spina bifida or anencephaly, high doses of folic acid are highly recommended. The dosage is about 1000-4000 mcg. This dose needs the supervision of a doctor.

If you are in doubt or fear about the safety of taking folic acid in the preparation of pregnancy and during pregnancy, you can discuss it with a doctor.

So far, the consumption of folic acid by the recommended dose is safe and good for fetal growth, especially 12 weeks at the beginning of pregnancy. At this time, the baby’s central nervous system begins to form.

Folic acid can be obtained in foods commonly found daily, such as vegetables such as broccoli, asparagus, cabbage, potatoes, spinach, egg yolks, and fruits such as kiwi, papaya, and avocado.

Aside from food sources, folic acid is now also available in the form of folic acid supplements that can be obtained at the nearest pharmacy or online. However, consult a doctor first before using this supplement.

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