Tipshealth– Of the many diseases that can attack the lungs, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the conditions to be aware of. COPD is an inflammation of the lungs that develops in the long term.
This disease that attacks the lungs can block the flow of air from inside the lungs. As a result, the patient will have difficulty breathing. From a variety of lung diseases, bronchitis and emphysema are two diseases that often develop into COPD.
So, what are the symptoms of COPD that attack the lungs?
Know the Symptoms of COPD in the Body
Generally, mild COPD does not cause complaints or symptoms in the patient. However, this can be dangerous because if risk factors are not avoided, then this lung disease will be progressive. Well, if this is the case COPD treatment will be difficult.
Symptoms of COPD usually only appear when there has been significant damage to the lungs. In this condition, the patient will show a variety of complaints. Well, according to the Ministry of Health, COPD can cause symptoms in the form of:
- Shortness of breath.
- Chronic coughing, coughing more than a week.
Productive sputum (phlegm cough) in acute exacerbation COPD some symptoms get worse, such as:
- Increased shortness of breath, even when doing light physical activities such as cooking or wearing clothes.
Sometimes accompanied by wheezing.
- Coughing gets worse accompanied by increased phlegm.
- Phlegm becomes more purulent and discolored.
- Non-specific symptoms: lethargy, weakness, insomnia, fatigue, depression.
There are also other symptoms to be aware of, namely:
- Frequent pulmonary infections.
- Weight loss.
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Well, for those of you who experience complaints on the lungs or the above symptoms, immediately check yourself to the hospital to get the right treatment.
Keep an eye on the Risk Factors
In most cases, this lung problem is usually caused by exposure to cigarette smoke. It is estimated that about one in four active smokers have COPD.
For emphysema (one form of COPD), cigarette smoke is considered to be the main cause of this disease because it can destroy lung tissue causing an obstruction (blockage of the respiratory tract).
Worse, cigarette smoke can also cause inflammation and irritation of the respiratory tract. Cigarette smoke can also weaken immune cells in the lungs. Well, if this is the case, lung cells are no longer effective against bacteria and clean the lungs from substances contained in cigarettes.
In addition to cigarette smoke, other risk factors trigger COPD:
- Pollutants and chemicals. Long-term exposure to other lung irritations, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and chemical fumes and dust from the environment or workplace.
- Age. Most people with COPD are at least 35-40 years old when symptoms begin to appear.
- Genetics. A genetic disorder that causes a deficiency of alpha-1-antitrypsin.
- Hereditary factors. The risk of developing COPD is higher if you have a family member with a history of this disease.
Well, for those of you who have the above risk factors, ask the doctor, to minimize the risk of developing COPD. Remember, the role of the lungs in life is vital. Therefore, you must always be this organ to stay healthy and its function is always maximal.