Tipshealth – Breast cancer is a condition when cancer cells form in the breast tissue. Cancer can form in the vessels that produce milk (lobules), or in the ducts (ducts) that carry milk from the breast to the nipples. Cancer can also form in fatty tissue or connective tissue in the breast.
Breast cancer forms when cells in the breast grow abnormally and uncontrollably. These cells generally form a tumor that feels like a lump. Although it usually occurs in women, breast cancer can also affect men.
Breast cancer is the most common, divided into several types.
Estrogen blocking drugs, such as aromatase enzyme inhibitors and selective estrogen receptor modulators, can be used to prevent breast cancer in women who are at high risk of developing this disease.
As for prevention with surgical methods, doctors can perform surgical removal of the breast (prophylactic mastectomy) or surgery to remove the ovaries (prophylactic oophorectomy).
- Ductal carcinoma in situ. This cancer grows in the duct and does not spread to the surrounding tissue. This type of cancer is early-stage cancer and is easy to treat. However, this cancer can spread to the surrounding tissue if not treated immediately.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ. Is cancer that grows in the lobules. Just like ductal carcinoma in situ, this cancer does not spread to the surrounding tissue.
- Invasive ductal carcinoma. This cancer grows in the duct and can spread to the surrounding tissue, it can even spread to other areas of the body. This type of cancer occurs in 70-80% of breast cancer cases.
- Invasive lobular carcinoma. Is cancer that grows in the lobules and can spread to the surrounding tissue. This cancer occurs in 10% of cases of breast cancer.
Meanwhile, the rare type of breast cancer is
- Angiosarcoma. Is a type of cancer that grows in the blood vessels and lymph channels in the breast.
- Paget’s disease. Paget’s disease is cancer that grows on the nipple and then spreads to the black area around the nipple (areola).
- Phyllodes tumor. This rare type of cancer grows in the connective tissue of the breast called the stroma.
- Inflammatory breast cancer. This is a rare type of breast cancer, but it progresses quickly and blocks the lymph ducts, making the breasts appear inflamed like an infection.
- Triple negative breast cancer. Is a type of cancer that shows negative results on examining the presence of estrogen hormone receptors (ER), progesterone hormone receptors (PR), and HER-2 protein receptors in cancer tissue, which are usually positive in breast cancer.
Symptoms and Causes of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is often difficult to detect in the early stages because of its small size. A new lump can be felt if it is large enough. However, not all lumps in the breast mean cancer. Therefore, it is important to check whether the lump is cancerous or not.
It is not yet known what causes cancer cells to grow in the breast. But there are a number of factors that can put a person at risk for this disease. For example, having menstruation at an age that is too young or too old, and having family members who also suffer from breast cancer.
How to Treat and Prevent Breast Cancer
Breast cancer can be prevented through the following:
- Routine breast self-examination (BSE). By routinely doing BSE, a woman will increasingly recognize her breasts, so that if there are abnormalities such as deformities or lumps appearing, she can immediately see a doctor. BSE is good to do every month on the 7-10th day after the first menstruation.
- Routine clinical breast examination (SADANIS). SADANIS is a breast examination performed by medical personnel. Discuss with your doctor about when is the right time to start SADANIS and breast cancer screening tests, namely breast X-rays (mammography), and the risks and benefits.
- Regular exercise. Get 30 minutes of exercise every day.
- Exercise caution in postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. The combination of hormone therapy can increase the risk of breast cancer. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy.
- Maintain ideal body weight. If you are overweight, consult with your doctor about strategies to lose weight and keep weight off
- Stop drinking alcohol.
In women who are at high risk of developing breast cancer, prevention can be done with drugs or by surgical procedures.
Besides that you can too treatment efforts include:
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy
- Surgical procedures
Breast cancer prevention can be done with independent breast examinations or examinations by medical personnel. Checks must be done regularly if you are at risk of developing breast cancer. In addition, it is advisable to exercise regularly and not consume alcoholic beverages.